1. Which will probably have more humidity (water vapor) in the air above it ? Circle one.
. . . . . . . A) a part of the ocean having colder surface waters
. . . . . . . B) a part of the ocean having warmer surface waters
2. In order for a cloud to form, the humid air must be cooled below its ??? point. Circle one.
3. As air is compressed (squeezed), will it become warmer, or will it become cooler?
4. As air is allowed to expand, what happens to its temperature?
5. What are condensation nuclei? Give two examples.
1. Trial #1: Pour 200 ml of cold water into the plastic bottle, and then firmly screw on the lid. Shake the bottle for 30 seconds. Squeeze the bottle for several seconds to increase the pressure, and then release it to allow the air inside to expand. Squeeze and release several times as you watch the air in the bottle. What happens?
2. Trial #2: Unscrew the cap from the bottle. Light a match, blow it out, and then hold the smoking match inside the tilted bottle for about 3 seconds. Quickly replace the cap. Squeeze and release as you did in procedure #1.
3. Trial #3: Empty the cold water from the bottle, and pour 200 ml of hot water into it. Replace the cap, and shake the bottle for 30 seconds. Squeeze, release, and observe.
4. Trial #4: Unscrew the cap, and hold a match into the bottle as you did in procedure #2. Quickly replace the cap, and then squeeze, release, and observe.
1. Which of your four trials resulted in the best cloud formation?
2. Was cloud formation more impressive when smoke particles were present in the bottle?
3. Did the cloud appear when you caused high pressure on the air in the bottle (by squeezing), or when you caused low pressure (by releasing)?
4. Which provided more vapor in the bottle . . . the hot water, or the cold water?
5. Based on your findings, write out a recipe for cloud formation ? (3 ingredients or conditions)
6. In your experiment, what served as the condensation nuclei?
7. Why did the cloud disappear when you squeezed the bottle ? You must use the term “dew point” in your answer.
8. You can see clouds because they are made up of ??? or ???. Circle two answers.
9. As air rises in the atmosphere, is it compressed, or does it expand?
10. What effect does this have on the air’s temperature?
11. Circle the letters of the five situations listed below that will contribute to cloud formation.
A. Moist air is forced upward as it encounters the Cascade Mountain Range.
B. Tomorrow’s forecast calls for an area of high pressure to be centered over your region.
C. The westerlies cause air to flow down the east side of the Rockies into Browning, Montana.
D. During the afternoon, air over a large air force base begins to rise because it is so much hotter than air over the surrounding forest.
E. In autumn, the Santa Ana winds blow down from the mountain slopes of interior California out to the sea.
F. Intensely heated air over the equator rises in an area called the intertropical convergence zone.
G. As part of the global circulation pattern, air 30 degrees north of the equator is sinking in an area called the horse latitudes.
H. An intense low pressure system moves across the Midwest.
I. A cold air mass from Canada pushes into a mass of warm humid air over Nebraska.
Questions or comments from the parent (optional):
This lab takes about 30 minutes for my ninth grade Earth Science students to complete. We do the lab after the students have learned about humidity, relative humidity and dew point. It goes well if the students work in pairs. . . Rod Benson: Helena (MT) High School